through


through
through1 W1S1 [θru:] prep, adv
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1¦(door/passage etc)¦
2¦(cutting/breaking)¦
3¦(across an area)¦
4¦(see through something)¦
5¦(past a place)¦
6¦(time)¦
7¦(process/experience)¦
8¦(competitions)¦
9¦(because of something)¦
10¦(by means of something/somebody)¦
11¦(parliament/congress)¦
12¦(until)¦
13 halfway through (something)
14¦(telephone)¦
15¦(completely)¦
16 through and through
17¦(all the way)¦
18¦(use quickly)¦
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1.) ¦(DOOR/PASSAGE ETC)¦
into one side or end of an entrance, passage, hole etc and out of the other side or end
She smiled at him as he walked through the door.
Water will be pumped through a pipe.
I managed to squeeze through a gap in the hedge.
They were suddenly plunged into darkness as the train went through a tunnel.
There were people standing in the doorway and I couldn't get through.
through to
I went through to the kitchen to see who was there.
2.) ¦(CUTTING/BREAKING)¦
cutting or breaking something, or making a hole from one side of it to the other
A football came crashing through the window.
straight/right/clean through
The bullet passed straight through his skull.
3.) ¦(ACROSS AN AREA)¦
from one side of an area to the other or between a group of things
We passed through France on our way to Italy.
We made our way through the village to the farm.
The wind howled through the trees.
He had to push his way through the crowd to get to her.
Let me through - I'm a doctor.
get through/make it through
(=reach a place after a difficult journey)
You'll never get through - the snow's two metres deep.
Rescue teams have finally made it through to the survivors.
We drove right through the town centre.
Carry on straight through the village.
4.) ¦(SEE THROUGH SOMETHING)¦
if you see something through glass, a window etc, you are on one side of the glass etc and it is on the other
I could see her through the window.
I could see right through the thin curtains.
5.) ¦(PAST A PLACE)¦
past a place where you are supposed to stop
It took us ages to get through passport control.
He drove straight through a red light.
6.) ¦(TIME)¦
during and to the end of a period of time
The cold weather continued through the spring.
He slept right through the day.
The fighting went on all through the night.
7.) ¦(PROCESS/EXPERIENCE)¦
from the beginning to the end of a process or experience
The book guides you through the whole procedure of buying a house.
When you have been through a terrible experience like that, it takes a long time to recover.
It's a miracle that these buildings came through the war undamaged.
8.) ¦(COMPETITIONS)¦
past one stage in a competition to the next stage
through to
This is the first time they've ever made it through to the final.
They didn't even get through the first round of the contest.
9.) ¦(BECAUSE OF SOMETHING)¦
because of something
How many working days were lost through sickness last year?
10.)¦(BY MEANS OF SOMETHING/SOMEBODY)¦
by means of a particular method, service, person etc
She got her first job through an employment agency.
a success that was achieved through co-operative effort and wise leadership
I heard about it through a friend.
11.) ¦(PARLIAMENT/CONGRESS)¦
if a proposal passes through a parliament, it is agreed and accepted as a law
A special bill was rushed through Congress to deal with the emergency.
12.) ¦(UNTIL)¦
May through June/Wednesday through Friday etc
AmE from May until June, from Wednesday until Friday etc
The store is open Monday through Saturday.
13.) halfway through (sth)
in the middle of an event or period of time
I left halfway through the film.
14.) ¦(TELEPHONE)¦
BrE connected to someone by telephone
I tried phoning you, but I couldn't get through .
Please hold the line and I'll put you through .
through to
Did you manage to get through to her?
15.) ¦(COMPLETELY)¦
wet through/cooked through etc informal
completely wet, cooked etc
You're wet through. What on earth have you been doing?
It should only take a few minutes to heat this through.
16.) through and through
if someone is a particular type of person through and through, they are completely that type of person
I'll say one thing for Sandra - she's a professional through and through.
17.) ¦(ALL THE WAY)¦
through to London/Paris etc
as far as London, Paris etc
Does this train go through to Glasgow?
18.) ¦(USE QUICKLY)¦
get/go/run through sth
to use a lot of something quickly
George Ward started smoking at the age of nine, and at one time he was getting through 80 a day.
By the end of the year he had run through all the money inherited from his father.
through 2
through2 adj
1.) be through (with sb/sth) informal
a) to have finished doing something or using something
I'm not through just yet - I should be finished in an hour.
Are you through with the computer yet?
b) to no longer be having a relationship with someone
That's it! Simon and I are through.
I'm through with you!
2.) through train
a train by which you can reach a place, without having to use other trains
3.) through road
a road that joins cities, towns, or villages together

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • through — [ θru ] function word *** Through can be used in the following ways: as a preposition (followed by a noun): They were riding through a forest. as an adverb (without a following noun): There s a hole in the roof where the rain comes through. as an …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • through — [thro͞o] prep. [ME thurgh, thrugh < OE thurh, akin to Ger durch < IE base * ter , through, beyond > L trans, across, Sans tiráḥ, through] 1. in one side and out the other side of; from end to end of 2. a) in the midst of [flying through… …   English World dictionary

  • Through — Through, prep. [OE. thurgh, [thorn]urh, [thorn]uruh, [thorn]oruh, AS. [thorn]urh; akin to OS. thurh, thuru, OFries. thruch, D. door, OHG. durh, duruh, G. durch, Goth. [thorn]a[ i]rh; cf. Ir. tri, tre, W. trwy. [root]53. Cf. {Nostril}, {Thorough} …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Through — Through, a. Going or extending through; going, extending, or serving from the beginning to the end; thorough; complete; as, a through line; a through ticket; a through train. Also, admitting of passage through; as, a through bridge. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Through — Through, adv. 1. From one end or side to the other; as, to pierce a thing through. [1913 Webster] 2. From beginning to end; as, to read a letter through. [1913 Webster] 3. To the end; to a conclusion; to the ultimate purpose; as, to carry a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • through — There are two important uses which are still regarded as Americanisms but are beginning to make an impression on BrE: 1. As a preposition meaning ‘up to and including’, as in Monday through Friday. British speakers are aware of this use but still …   Modern English usage

  • through — c.1300, metathesis of O.E. þurh, from W.Gmc. *thurkh (Cf. O.S. thuru, O.Fris. thruch, M.Du. dore, Du. door, O.H.G. thuruh, Ger. durch, Goth. þairh through ), from PIE root *tere through (Cf. Skt. tirah, Avestan …   Etymology dictionary

  • through — [adj1] done buttoned up*, complete, completed, concluded, ended, finis*, finished, in the bag*, over, terminated, wound up*, wrapped up*; concepts 531,548 Ant. incomplete, unfinished through [adj2] direct constant, free, nonstop, one way, opened …   New thesaurus

  • through — ► PREPOSITION & ADVERB 1) moving in one side and out of the other side of (an opening or location). 2) so as to make a hole or passage in. 3) (preposition ) expressing the position or location of something beyond (an opening or an obstacle). 4)… …   English terms dictionary

  • through — through; through·ly; through·ith·er; …   English syllables

  • through — I adjective completed, concluded, decided, done, done with, ended, finished, set at rest, settled, terminated II (By means of) adverb by means of, by the hand of, by way of, using, using the help of III (From beginning to end) adverb …   Law dictionary


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